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2013年6月19日 星期三

Install and configure Apache, MySQL, PHP and phpMyAdmin on OSX 10.8 Mountain Lion[II]

PHP

PHP 5.3.13 is loaded in OSX 10.8 Mountain Lion and needs to be turned on by uncommenting a line in the httpd.conf file.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/httpd.confUse "control" + "w" to search and search for 'php' this will land you on the right line then uncomment the line (remove the #):

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.soWrite out and Save using the nano short cut keys at the bottom 'control o' and 'control x'
Re-load apache to kick in

sudo apachectl restartTo see and test PHP, create a file name it "phpinfo.php" and file it in your document root with the contents below, then view it in a browser.

<?php phpinfo(); ?>
MySQL



MySQL is again a missing component in OS X 10.8 and needs to be dowloaded from the MySQL site use the Mac OS X ver. 10.7 (x86, 64-bit), DMG Archive version (works fine on 10.8).
When downloading you don’t have to sign up, look for » No thanks, just take me to the downloads! - go straight to the download mirrors and download the software from a mirror which is closest to you.
Once downloaded install the 3 components. You may need to adjust the Security and Privacy System Pref to allow installs of 3rd party apps because of the new security feature of Mountain Lion known as the 'Gatekeeper', which keeps unscrupulous installer packages at bay.
To get around this without changing the global preferences (better!) right click or command click the .pkginstaller to bring up the contextual menu and select open, then you get the warning - then click Open.
Install all 3...
  • mysql5.5.xxx.pkg
  • MySQLstartupitem.pkg
  • MySQLPrefPane
The first is the MySQL software, the 2nd item allows MySQL to start when the Mac is booted and the third is a System Preference that allows start/stop operation and a preference to enable it to start on boot.
You can start the MySQL server from the System Preferences or via the command line 


sudo /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server start To find the MySQL version from the terminal, type at the prompt:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -vThis also puts you in to an interactive dialogue with mySQL, type \q to exit.
After installation, in order to use mysql commands without typing the full path to the commands you need to add the mysql directory to your shell path, (optional step) this is done in your “.bash_profile” file in your home directory, if you don’t have that file just create it using vi or nano:

cd ; nano .bash_profile
export PATH="/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH"The first command brings you to your home directory and opens the .bash_profile file or creates a new one if it doesn’t exist, then add in the line above which adds the mysql binary path to commands that you can run. Exit the file with type “control + x” and when prompted save the change by typing “y”. Last thing to do here is to reload the shell for the above to work straight away.

source ~/.bash_profile
mysql -vYou will get the version number again, just type “\q” to exit.
Set the MySQL root password

Note that this is not the same as the root or admin password of OSX - this is a unique password to the mysql root user, use one and remember/jot down somewhere what it is.

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'yourpasswordhere'Use the single 'quotes' surrounding the password
phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin is installed pretty much the same way as before
Fix the 2002 socket error first - 

sudo mkdir /var/mysql
sudo ln -s /tmp/mysql.sock /var/mysql/mysql.sockDownload phpMyAdmin, the english.tar.gz package, uncompress and move the folder with its contents into the document root level renaming folder to 'phpmyadmin'.
Make the config folder

mkdir ~/Sites/phpmyadmin/configChange the permissions

chmod o+w ~/Sites/phpmyadmin/configRun the set up in the browser
http://localhost/~username/phpmyadmin/setup/orhttp://localhost/phpmyadmin/setup/

The new server to be configured is the localhost, click new server.


Then the only other configurations are the local mysql user and the password in the Authentication tab.
Add in the username “root” (maybe already populated, add in the password that you set upearlier for the MySQL root user set up, click on save and you are returned to the previous screen.


Make sure you click on save, then a config.inc.php is now in the /config directory, movethis file to the root level of /phpmyadmin and then remove the now empty /config directory.

Now going to http://localhost/~username/phpmyadmin/ will now allow you to interact with your MySQL databases.
To upgrade phpmyadmin just download the latest version and copy the older 'config.inc.php' from the existing directory into the new folder and replace - backup the older one just in case.
If you need virtual hosts configured I have added a separate guide on how to set these up in the Apache config files.
That's it! You now have the native AMP stack running ontop of the tamed Mountain Lion.

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